GM CEO Barra Is Grilled Over Handling Of Ignition Switch Defect

April 1, 2014

In a hearing before the House Oversight and Investigations panel, GM CEO Mary Barra and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Acting Administrator David Friedman testify Tuesday on concerns surrounding GM’s recall of a faulty ignition switch that’s been linked to more than a dozen deaths.

The recall, which now includes more than 2 million vehicles, will be the focus of today’s hearing by the House Energy and Commerce Committee’s Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations. The event’s title hints at lawmakers’ frustration, and the grilling that likely awaits Barra: “The GM Ignition Switch Recall: Why Did It Take So Long?”

We’ll update this post with news from the hearing. Barra, who rose to GM’s top job in January, is scheduled to testify on Capitol Hill for two days.

Update at 3:20 p.m. ET: The Victims And Their Families

Rep. Bruce Braley, D-Iowa, notes the prominent row of photos brought into the chamber and displayed by family members of people who died in accidents that have been linked to the defect. They remind him of people in his family, Braley says.

Holding up an old promotional pen bearing the motto, “Safety comes first at GM,” Braley asks Barra, “What’s changed at GM?”

The CEO responds by saying the company has adopted new core values in the wake of the recall and safety issues.

That prompts a call for GM to submit its new values, and the values it has embraced for the past 20 years.

Update at 3:15 p.m. ET: GM’s Inquiry Into Recall

New information from today’s hearing includes the announcement from Barra that GM has hired compensation expert Kenneth Feinberg, who has worked on large-scale events from 9/11 to the BP Gulf of Mexico oil and Boston Marathon, to look at how the company can respond to families who lost loved ones in accidents.

“My mandate from the company is to consider the options for dealing with issues surrounding the ignition switch matter, and to do so in an independent, balanced and objective manner based upon my prior experience,” Feinberg said in a media release about the move.

Update at 2:57 p.m. ET: About Those GM Records

Murphy asks Barra if she reviewed the documents GM provided to the committee.

“No I did not. There was over 200,000 pages,” she answers.

Update at 2:50 p.m. ET: About The Replacement Part

Rep. Fred Upton R-Mich., asks who decided not to use a new part number for a replacement part for the faulty switch, a move that could have been motivated by an attempt to not draw attention to the problem.

Barra says she doesn’t know the person’s name, calls it “an unacceptable practice.”

Update at 2:45 p.m. ET: DeGette Refers To Several GM Documents

Rep. DeGette, D-Colo., cites documents she says GM provided to NHTSA, seeking to get clarification from Barra about when the company knew that the switches were defective.

Barra responds by saying she is trying to determine that, by ordering an investigation.

“You don’t know when GM knew about the defect?” DeGette asks.

The rest of their exchanges follow a similar pattern, as DeGette, in a common theme in hearings when committee members have only five minutes to ask questions, seeks yes-or-no answers from Barra. The CEO maintains that she has ordered an inquiry.

Update at 2:35 p.m. ET: Murphy Questions Barra

Rep. Tim Murphy, R-Pa., begins by asking Barra about a problem GM had with getting parts to meet specifications. Barra says there is a difference between meeting specifications and being defective.

Murphy responds by asking if the ignition switch acceptably met specifications.

“As we clearly know today it’s not,” Barra answers.

Further questions, including one that cited an email in which a technician said the Cobalt car “is blowing up in their face, in regards to turning the car off with the driver’s knee” met with Barra’s response that she has ordered an investigation into how the switch defect was handled.

Update at 2:25 p.m. ET: Opening Remarks Conclude

Rep. Fred Upton R-Mich., says it’s “déjà vu all over again,” comparing the current recall to the Ford/Firestone SUV tire controversy of the late 1990s and early 2000s, which also included a recall.

Upton is one of several House members to cite “déjà vu” and the Ford SUV case in their opening remarks.

Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif., cites GM warranty claims data his office released today, which shows “133 cases between June 2003 and June 2012 where customers reported issues related to the ignition switch shutoff to dealers and GM service technicians.”

He also says NHTSA was “operating under a handicap” in looking at safety in the GM cars, as the automaker didn’t share enough information.

Shortly thereafter, Barra is sworn in to testify.

Our original post continues:

Barra has asked former U.S. Attorney Anton Valukas to investigate her company’s handling of the defect and the ensuing recall. In her written testimony, which GM posted online Monday, Barra tells the panel:

“When we have answers, we will be fully transparent with you, with our regulators, and with our customers.

“As soon as l learned about the problem, we acted without hesitation. We told the world we had a problem that needed to be fixed. We did so because whatever mistakes were made in the past, we will not shirk from our responsibilities now and in the future. Today’s GM will do the right thing.

“That begins with my sincere apologies to everyone who has been affected by this recall…especially to the families and friends of those who lost their lives or were injured. I am deeply sorry.”

The GM recall has grown since it was first announced in February. It currently includes models of the Chevrolet Cobalt, Malibu and HHR, the Pontiac G5 and Solstice, and the Saturn Ion and Sky (see the updated list at the GM site).

One person who identified the safety defect was Scott Oldham of He described that moment to NPR’s Sonari Glinton in a report for Monday’s All Things Considered:

“‘I remember coming up to a curve, and I moved my foot, and as I moved my foot, my knee kind of pinned this key fob between my knee and the steering column,’ Oldham explains. ‘And when I hit the brake, my leg moved down. And it basically pulled the key down and shut the car off.’

“The systems that were connected to the engine just stopped working.

“‘There was this moment of panic where I said, “Oh my God, the steering isn’t working,” he recalls.

“‘I got the car slowed down and pulled to the side. Catastrophe was avoided.'”

Last month, Barra offered an apology for GM’s mishandling of the crisis, saying that “something went very wrong.” The company says that correcting the mechanical problems will cost it hundreds of millions of dollars in repair costs.

For a closer look at the flaw linked to the ignition switch, see our timeline, which tracks a winding sequence of events that date back to 2001.

GM faces a deadline of this Wednesday to answer more than 100 questions about the switch and its actions. Those questions come from the NHTSA, which has said GM didn’t provide enough information to the agency about potential safety issues.

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