Like other political movements, white nationalism has shifted over time. Benjamin R. Teitelbaum, an assistant professor of ethnomusicology at the University of Colorado Boulder, has been spent much of his career tracking those changes by listening to white nationalist music.
At the same time, leaders in Europe tried to take white nationalism into the political mainstream. Swedish anti-immigrant leader Daniel Friberg traded in his skinhead style for a suit and sunglasses. The buttoned-down image helped him sell his ideology as just another political alternative.
That's why Teitelbaum noted Friberg's attendance at the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville. In an op-ed for the Wall Street Journal, Teitelbaum wrote that white nationalists have moved from "accommodating critics to ignoring them." Going forward, he told Colorado Matters, activists may become more open about their political views. They could also embrace the antagonistic tactics of the so-called alt-right.