More Popular Than Ever, Colorado’s National Parks Feel A Funding Pinch

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Photo: Crowded Rocky Mountain National Park, Trail Ridge Road (HV)
An overlook crowded with visitors on Trail Ridge Road in Rocky Mountain National Park, on Saturday, Aug. 22, 2015.

Rocky Mountain National Park in northern Colorado just celebrated its 100th birthday and it's drawing bigger crowds every year, especially from the burgeoning Front Range. But federal funding hasn't kept pace with the pressures those numbers bring to park services and maintenance, and budgets are strained.

Chart: Attendance at Colorado National Parks

“When you’re a park that’s been around for 100 years, you have an old infrastructure. And for us that’s paved roads, unpaved roads, trails," RMNP spokeswoman Kyle Patterson says.

That's why, starting on Oct. 1, it's going to cost everyone more to get in. The weekly car pass will be $30 instead of $20, the annual pass will be $50 instead of $40 -- and jump to $60 in 2017 -- and campground fees will rise to $26 from $20 a night in 2016, which the National Park Service says is comparable to campground rates outside the park. A new day pass, at $20, has also been added.

Photo: Crowded Rocky Mountain National Park, Above Visitor Center (HV)
A line of people walk up a trail above the Alpine Visitor Center on Trail Ridge Road in Rocky Mountain National Park, Saturday, Aug. 22, 2015.

It similar story with Colorado's other national parks and monuments. Still, while the higher fees may pinch visitors' pockets, the extra money is a drop in the bucket when it comes to what the park needs to meet its rising popularity.

Rocky Mountain National Park has nearly $68 million in deferred maintenance costs. Across Colorado’s national parks there’s an estimated $205 million maintenance backlog. Nationally that figure is about $11.5 billion -- even as park visits top 292 million annually across the country. In Rocky alone in 2014, there were 3,434,754 visitors -- the park’s highest ever number.

But with the budgets that Colorado's national parks have, fixing them quickly seems unlikely. Rocky's annual budget of nearly $13 million is a fraction of the what they need to fix all the deferred maintenance.

Chart: Deferred Maintenance

To Emily Douce, with the National Parks Conservation Association, a nonprofit advocacy group, the numbers spell trouble.

"That’s rundown visitor’s centers. That is unmaintained trails. And crumbling roads," she says. "Unfortunately over the last several years, Congress has not put the money towards getting these parks ready for the next century of service to the American people.”

Chart: Budget Colorado Top National ParksThat may change. The Centennial Act, a bill set to be introduced in the next congressional session to mark the park service's 100th anniversary, calls in part for a big new funding program for America's "crown jewels."

The legislation includes $300 million a year through 2018 "to correct deficiencies in National Park Service infrastructure and facilities," and a fund that will match private donation to the parks up to $100 million a year.

Photo: Crowded Rocky Mountain National Park, Alpine Visitor Center (HV)
Visitors to Rocky Mountain National Park at the Alpine Visitor Center on Trail Ridge Road in August 2015.

Jim Cooney of Fort Collins is among Rocky Mountain National Park's lovers. Near Moraine Park in Rocky Mountain National Park, as cars slow to a crawl or pull over to the side of the road to watch a male elk and a dozen females, he says he visits every year at this time.

“We saw elk droppings right outside our tent one year," he said. "I've got great videos of rutting."

Cooney got into the park with his senior citizen pass, which cost $10. That, too, may increase with the Centennial Act.

Sam Brasch and Megan Arellano contributed to this report.