This month marks the Hubble Space Telescope’s 28th anniversary and as a gift to us earthlings, NASA and the European Space Agency are celebrating with a batch of stunning photos of the Lagoon Nebula, in all of its swirling, explosive, beauty.
The Hubble “has offered a new view of the universe and has reached and surpassed all expectations for a remarkable 28 years,” the agencies said in a statement, adding that the telescope has “revolutionized almost every area of observational astronomy.”
It was launched on April 24, 1990, aboard the space shuttle Discovery as a joint project between NASA and the ESA. Each year, the telescope is diverted from important scientific observational duties to take an image of the cosmos in intense detail.
This year’s featured image, the Lagoon Nebula, is a colossal stellar nursery, 55 light-years wide and 20 light-years tall that is about 4,000 light-years away from Earth.
In addition to the image in visible light (shown above), Hubble also grabbed an infrared view that cuts through the dust and offers a glimpse of the brilliant stars forming inside the stellar cloud.
Here’s what the Hubble team said about the two types of images:
While the observations in visible light allow astronomers to study the gas in full detail, the infrared light cuts through the obscuring patches of dust and gas, revealing the more intricate structures underneath and the young stars hiding within it. Only by combining optical and infrared data can astronomers paint a complete picture of the ongoing processes in the nebula.
The Hubble website also released a bit of trivia to mark the anniversary: Since its launch, the space telescope has made more than 1.5 million observations of more than 43,500 celestial objects. It has made more than 163,500 trips around Earth. And, astronomers using Hubble data have published more than 15,500 scientific papers.