The federal government has officially declared the first-ever water shortage in the Colorado River basin, which means mandatory water cuts in some states and Mexico in 2022.
The shortage was triggered because water levels in Lake Mead on the Nevada-Arizona border, the largest reservoir in the U.S., are projected to drop so low that it can’t meet the water and energy demands of communities in the West.
“Like much of the West, and across our connected basins, the Colorado River is facing unprecedented and accelerating challenges,” Assistant U.S. Secretary for Water and Science Tanya Trujillo said in a statement.
What does this water shortage mean for Colorado? Nothing, legally.
More news about drought and water in Colorado:
- What The UN’s Latest Climate Report Means For Colorado
- States Are Considering Paying People To Keep Their Water In The Colorado River. Some Don’t Think They Can Afford It
- Wildfires Are A Threat To Steamboat Springs’ Water Supply. Here’s How The City Is Getting Ready
- After 20 Years Of Drought, Western Slope Ranchers Face A Choice — Keep Adapting, Or Move Along
Lake Mead stores water for the states in the lower Colorado River basin — that’s Nevada, Arizona and California. Because Lake Mead has dropped below 1,075 feet, the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation can mandate water cuts in Arizona and Nevada.
Climate change, drought and overuse of the Colorado River system are jeopardizing the reliability of this water, which supplies 40 million people in the West. Lake Mead hit its lowest level on record this year, as did the second-largest reservoir in the U.S. — Lake Powell.
A 100-year-old water-sharing agreement means Colorado and the other states in the upper Colorado River basin — New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming — are legally obligated to send a certain amount of water downstream to the lower-basin states and Mexico.
Currently, Colorado and this group of states are complying with the water-sharing agreement. The upper basin is not legally at fault for the low levels in Lake Mead.
“When we hear a shortage declaration, that definitely causes angst,” said Becky Mitchell, director of the Colorado Water Conservation Board. “But I do feel like it’s a call to action both in the upper basin and the lower basin.”
Mitchell said all of the states in the Colorado River basin are working to manage “this very precious resource,” so that federal emergency actions like this are rare.
The official shortage declaration in the lower-basin states does add pressure to renegotiations of the Colorado River’s existing management guidelines, which are set to expire in 2026.
“It is much easier to make decisions in times of plenty,” Mitchell said. “But the decisions are more important in times like now, and they have a greater impact.”
More climate stories from CPR News:
- What An Atmospheric Scientist Wants You To Know About That Wildfire Smoke You’re Breathing
- Helicopter Mulching Could Help Forests Recover After Severe Wildfires, But It’s Not Cheap
- Colorado’s Unrelenting Ozone Pollution Could Mean Long-Term Problems For Your Health
- Wildfires Are Ravaging The West. Research Shows The People In Their Paths Vastly Underestimate The Risk
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